directed by andrei tarkovsky documentary

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Sight & Sound’s 2012 poll of the best films of all time saw no less than three of his movies – Mirror (1974), Andrei Rublev (1966), and Stalker (1979) – voted into the top 30 by critics and directors. The transition back to the world outside the Zone is supported by sound. The Stalker film score was composed by Eduard Artemyev, who had also composed the scores for Tarkovsky's previous films Solaris and Mirror. Change ). Finally, the target of the expedition in both works is a wish-granting device. The sound becomes louder and clearer over time until the sound and the vibrations of objects in the room give a sense of a train's passing by without the train's being visible. The closing monologue by the Stalker's wife at the end of the film has no equivalent in the novel. Summary : Andrei Tarkovsky's Sounding Cinema adds a new dimension to our understanding and appreciation of the work of Russian director Andrei Tarkovsky (1932–1986) through an exploration of the presence of music and sound in his films. Similarly, we can hear and see the Stalker and the river. I didn’t feel like it was that long because I was being regularly visually satisfied, if I can put it this way. While the visual transition of the panning shot is slow, the aural transition is sudden. The actors are so natural, the camerawork constantly surprises us with amazing shots and, even though the film is over 3 hours long, you can honestly forget about it. In both works, the Zone is guarded by a police or military guard, apparently authorized to use deadly force. A musician was invited from Azerbaijan who played the main melody on a tar based on mugham, accompanied by orchestral background music written by Artemyev. I didn’t feel like it was that long because I was being regularly visually satisfied, if I can put it this way. After seeing the poorly developed material, Tarkovsky fired Rerberg. [citation needed], The central part of the film, in which the characters travel within the Zone, was shot in a few days at two deserted hydro power plants on the Jägala river near Tallinn, Estonia. Tarkovsky died from cancer of the right bronchial tube. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. ", A unique perspective on the making of Stalker: The testimony of a mechanic toiling away under Tarkovsky's guidance, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Stalker_(1979_film)&oldid=1000353177, Films based on works by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, Soviet avant-garde and experimental films, Articles containing Russian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2020, Articles that may contain original research from June 2020, All articles that may contain original research, Articles with Estonian-language sources (et), Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natasha Abramova as Martyshka, the Stalker's daughter, RUSCICO produced a version for the international market containing the film on two DVDs with remastered audio and video. The 'meat grinder', a particularly perilous location, is mentioned in both film and the book. The conversations you will hear are very much thought-provoking and eye-opening. This documentary offers a rare glimpse of the legendary Soviet filmmaker, Andrei Tarkosvky, at work. The film grossed over 4 million worldwide, mostly in the Soviet Union, against a budget of 1 million Soviet rubles. The real-life events on which it is based took place in June 1962, when social unrest over rising prices saw strikes break out in Novocherkassk, an industrial town in Russia’s south, culminating in street protest against the Soviet regime. There are film which you can watch while doing three other things and there are film which you have to watch carefully and still read a lot about them to understand what’s going on. In a conversation with Artemyev he explained that he needed music that reflects the idea that although the East and the West can coexist, they are not able to understand each other. Periodically one hears what could be a train. [26], More recently, reviews of the film have been highly positive. [6], In the film, a "stalker" is a professional guide to the Zone, someone having the ability and desire to cross the border into the dangerous and forbidden place with a specific goal.[5][7]. Andrei Tarkovsky (1932–1986) was a Russian film director, screenwriter and film … The film is based on the short story “The Killers” by Ernest Hemingway, written in 1927. These effects included modulating the sound of the flute and lowering the speed of the tar, so that what Artemyev called "the life of one string" could be heard. It can convey movement and a sense of change and flux. The area containing the Zone is shrouded in secrecy, sealed off by the government and surrounded by ominous hazards. Tarkovsky ended up reshooting almost all of the film with a new cinematographer, Alexander Knyazhinsky. Instead, he disassembles his bomb and scatters its pieces. Documentary 7.2 Stanley Kubrick: A Life in Pictures 2001 Documentary 8.0 1234 15 2010 Drama A breeze can be heard, but no visual reference is shown. 1979 Stalker. The Writer is skeptical of any real danger, but the Professor generally follows the Stalker's advice. He believed that music distorts and changes the emotional tone of a visual image while not changing the meaning. *** Thanks to the power and humanism of a gripping anti-war manifesto called Ivanovo Detstvo (1962) directed by Andrei Tarkovsky, his next epic project Andrey Rublyov had a considerable amount of high expectations from the Russian audience. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. [14] Almost all of the scenes not set in the Zone are in sepia or a similar high-contrast brown monochrome. The group's critics listed Stalker at #29, tied with the 1985 film Shoah. However, when the crew returned to Moscow, they found that all of the film had been improperly developed and their footage was unusable. Besides, Tarkovsky was a genius when it comes to directing. Animals can be heard in the distance but are never shown. Later, Tarkovsky proposed to invite musicians from Armenia and Azerbaijan and to let them improvise on the melody of the motet. The Professor admits he hopes to win a Nobel Prize for scientific analysis of the Zone. [7], The journey to the Zone on a motorized draisine features a disconnection between the visual image and the sound. Jul 4, 2016 - Explore Svanekjaer's board "Andrei Tarkovsky" on Pinterest. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. The film combines elements of science fiction with dramatic philosophical and psychological themes. The source of this music is unclear, thus setting the tone for the blurring of reality in the film. [22] To mask the obvious combination of European and Oriental instruments he passed the foreground music through the effect channels of his SYNTHI 100 synthesizer. That it was all connected to the location shooting for Stalker became clear to me when Larisa Tarkovskaya died from the same illness in Paris."[13]. A character named Porcupine is a mentor to Stalker. Tarkovsky's talent and skills were beyond words. [25] On being told that Stalker should be faster and more dynamic, Tarkovsky replied: The film needs to be slower and duller at the start so that the viewers who walked into the wrong theatre have time to leave before the main action starts. 1988. In Schager's view, Stalker shows "something akin to the essence of what man is made of: a tangled knot of memories, fears, fantasies, nightmares, paradoxical impulses, and a yearning for something that's simultaneously beyond our reach and yet intrinsic to every one of us. The Killers is a 1956 student film by the Soviet and Russian film director Andrei Tarkovsky and his fellow students Marika Beiku and Aleksandr Gordon. Trailers (4:55, 480i) 20-Page Booklet. He’s had 5 wives and 7 children and since 1962 has written and/or directed 35 features, including the recent, highly acclaimed drama of life in post-Stalinist Russia, DEAR COMRADES! The sounds of a river, the wind, dripping water, and fire can be heard in a discontinuous way that is now partially disconnected from the visual image. "[28] Slant Magazine reviewer Nick Schager has praised the film as an "endlessly pliable allegory about human consciousness". Artemyev proposed to try this idea with the motet Pulcherrima Rosa by an anonymous 14th century Italian composer dedicated to the Virgin Mary. Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky ( 1988) Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. And Tolya Solonitsyn too. While the camera still shows a pool of water inside the Zone, the audience begins to hear the sound of a train and Ravel's Boléro, reminiscent of the opening scene. Music was added to the scene where the three are traveling to the Zone on a motorized draisine. [19], Rethinking their approach, they finally found the solution in a theme that would create a state of inner calmness and inner satisfaction, or as Tarkovsky said "space frozen in a dynamic equilibrium". Andrei Tarkovsky : No. He's considered by many one of the single greatest cinematic auteurs of all time, and for good reason. With Natalya Bondarchuk, Donatas Banionis, Jüri Järvet, Vladislav Dvorzhetskiy. [7], Yet, several similarities remain between the novel and the film. Other shots were filmed near the Tallinn–Narva highway bridge on the Pirita river.[12]. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Review by Талавэра ★★★★★ Like a severed limb that still hurts, Tarkovsky's reflections on the way he understands the world resonate creating a new film that he never wrote or directed but that contains his wisdom and his unique poetry. [21] Tarkovsky, who, unusually for him, attended the full recording session, rejected the final result as not what he was looking for. [23], –Andrei Tarkovsky, interviewed by Tonino Guerra in 1979. [23], During the journey in the Zone, the sound of water becomes more and more prominent, which, combined with the visual image, presents the Zone as a drenched world. Born on April 4th, 1932, Andrei Arsenyevich Tarkovsky was a Soviet and Russian filmmaker, theater director, writer, and film theorist. We follow Andrei Rublev (Anatoly Solonitsyn), who’s wandering across the country with two other monks, Daniil (Nikolai Grinko) and Kirill (Ivan Lapikov). The sparseness of sounds in the Zone draws attention to specific sounds, which, as in other scenes, are largely disconnected from the visual image. In the book, the Stalker's daughter has light hair all over her body, while in the film she is crippled and has psychokinetic abilities. "[7], In one scene, the sound of a train becomes more and more distant as the sounds of a house, such as the creaking floor, water running through pipes, and the humming of a heater become more prominent in a way that psychologically shifts the audience. They evade the military blockade that guards the Zone by following a train inside the gate and ride into the heart of the Zone on a railway work car. ( Log Out /  Its critical consensus states, "Stalker is a complex, oblique parable that draws unforgettable images and philosophical musings from its sci-fi/thriller setting. Up the river was a chemical plant and it poured out poisonous liquids downstream. No one attempts to enter the Room. ( Log Out /  The common English definition of the term "stalking" was also cited by Andrei Tarkovsky. Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window). Geoff Dyer claims the Stalker is "seeking asylum from the world". It was Tarkovsky’s first film, produced when he was a student at the State Institute of Cinematography. In an interview Tarkovsky dismissed the idea that water has a symbolic meaning in his films, saying that there was so much rain in his films because it is always raining in Russia. But I keep hearing Tanis = Annihilation. In Roadside Picnic, "Stalker" was a common nickname for men engaged in the illegal enterprise of prospecting for and smuggling alien artifacts out of the "Zone". This aural impression is quickly subverted by the muffled sound of Beethoven's Ninth Symphony. [11], The documentary film Rerberg and Tarkovsky: The Reverse Side of "Stalker" by Igor Mayboroda offers a different interpretation of the relationship between Rerberg and Tarkovsky. The first score was done with an orchestra alone but was rejected by Tarkovsky. ***One of the best 150 films I have ever seen. Naturally, something that continues happening even nowadays, the film surpassed any possible … As they travel, the three men discuss their reasons for wanting to visit the Room. Like Tarkovsky's other films, Stalker relies on long takes with slow, subtle camera movement, rejecting the use of rapid montage. There are film which you can watch while doing three other things and there are film which you have to watch carefully and still read a lot about them to understand what’s going on. His films are poetic, hypnotic, ethereal, and profoundly philosophical. I was seriously listening to them thinking “what’s the meaning of life, then?” You may think it’s funny, but I was reflecting a lot during and after watching, which is why I think you should also experience it. ASL (Average Shot Length) and duration may be another trait most often associated with Tarkovsky. The camera movement traces all the way back to Murnau and Tarkvosky is his own production designer, in a top 10 film of all-time ( Stalker ). Upon release, the film garnered mixed reviews initially before receiving overwhelmingly positive reviews over the following years, thus becoming a cult film with many praising Tarkovsky's directing, visuals, themes and screenwriting. [citation needed]. Andrei Konchalovsky does nothing in a small way. When the Stalker, the Writer, and the Professor set off from the bar in an off-road vehicle, the engine noise merges into an electronic tone. Tarkovsky supposedly retorted: I am only interested in the views of two people: one is called Bresson and one called Bergman. Watch Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky. In an ancient spa town, he meets the lunatic Domenico, who years earlier had imprisoned his own family in his house for seven years to save them from the evils of the world. Officials at Goskino, a government group otherwise known as the State Committee for Cinematography, were critical of the film. Many women in our crew got allergic reactions on their faces. In a rundown bar, the Stalker meets his next clients for a trip into the Zone, the Writer (Anatoly Solonitsyn) and the Professor (Nikolai Grinko). There is even this shot in Stalker: snow falling in the summer and white foam floating down the river. I think that it’s one of those films which you don’t have to understand perfectly, but for sure you need to stay focused, because the whole production is a masterpiece and watching it should be considered as a quite emotional experience. Here, as in the rest of the film, sound is constantly changing and not necessarily connected to the visual image. Film director Chris Marker produced the television documentary One Day in the Life of Andrei Arsenevich as an homage to Andrei Tarkovsky in 2000. “Andrei Rublev” is none of those. As the trio approach the Room, the Professor reveals his true intentions in undertaking the journey. Neither the draisine nor the scenery passing by is shown, since the camera is focused on the faces of the characters. According to Safiullin, the finished version of Stalker is completely different from the one Tarkovsky originally shot. I'd like that the noise of the wheels on the rails not be the natural sound but elaborated upon by the composer with electronic music. "[8], Multiple people have compared the film to The Wizard of Oz (1939 film). Or actually, it’s not. "[5], In 2018, the film was voted the 49th greatest foreign-language film of all time in a poll of 209 critics in 43 countries. Upon its release the film's reception was less than favorable. The Russian poet Andrei Gorchakov, accompanied by guide and translator Eugenia, is traveling through Italy researching the life of an 18th-century Russian composer. by Nicolae Sfetcu | posted in: Mind, Movies, Science | 0 Tarkovski’s film is a drama of pain and partial recovery centered on the psychology of the Solaris station crew. Artemyev knew about a musical piece from Indian classical music where a prolonged and unchanged background tone is performed on a tanpura. One Day in the Life of Andrei Arsenevich (2000) - Turner Classic Movies TCM Main Navigation According to Tarkovsky, he aimed at this consistency and moved into this direction in Stalker and Nostalghia. According to an interview with Tarkovsky in 1979, the film has basically nothing in common with the novel except for the two words "Stalker" and "Zone". Perhaps along with Kubrick and Dreyer he’s one of cinema’s great perfectionists. [12] The shot before they enter the Zone is an old Flora chemical factory in the center of Tallinn, next to the old Rotermann salt storage (now Museum of Estonian Architecture), and the former Tallinn Power Plant, now Tallinn Creative Hub, where a memorial plate of the film was set up in 2008. Stalker (Russian: Сталкер, IPA: [ˈstaɫkʲɪr]) is a 1979 Soviet science fiction art drama film directed by Andrei Tarkovsky with a screenplay written by Arkady and Boris Strugatsky, loosely based on their 1972 novel Roadside Picnic. Tarkovsky then became very interested in adapting the novel and expanding its concepts. This impressionist use of sound prepares the audience for the dream sequences accompanied by a variation of the Stalker theme that has been already heard during the title sequence. In the distant future, the protagonist (Alexander Kaidanovsky) works in an unnamed location as a "Stalker" who leads people through the "Zone", an area in which the normal laws of reality do not apply and remnants of seemingly extraterrestrial activity lie undisturbed among its ruins. It contains the original Russian audio in an enhanced, In the song Dissidents from the 1984 album, The track entitled The Avenue by British Group, In 2007, the Ukrainian video-game developer GSC Game World published, This page was last edited on 14 January 2021, at 19:36. When the three arrive in the Zone initially, it appears to be silent. The tar then improvised on the background sound, together with a flute as a European, Western instrument. Only after some time, and only slightly audibly can one hear the sound of a distant river, the sound of the blowing wind, or the occasional cry of an animal. Why? [19], The title sequence is accompanied by Artemyev's main theme. After traveling through the tunnels, the three finally reach their destination: a decayed and decrepit industrial building. Directed by Andrei Tarkovsky is 1988 documentary film by Michal Leszczylowski, an editor of the film The Sacrifice. Incredibly real and human, I ’ d say are resting bar by the Stalker 's advice tone performed! A long journey in a railway car English definition of the term `` stalking '' was also by. Silent, with no audible sound off as the trio approach the.. Tarkovsky then became very interested in the film has no motive beyond the altruistic aim aiding. Regarded as one of cinema ’ s most personal and evocative work along a small.!: one is called Bresson and one called Bergman `` Stalker is `` seeking asylum from the tunnel, journey! Was more than just a parallel illustration of the audience the source of music! In adapting the novel the expedition in both works is a totally different story to learn about, which Andrei! A really complex production, but no visual reference is shown dramatic philosophical and psychological themes. [ 5.. Out poisonous liquids downstream or military guard, apparently authorized to use psychokinesis to push three glasses... Have no place and that instead music is unclear, thus setting the tone for blurring... Professor admits he hopes to win a Nobel Prize for scientific analysis of the film defect. Poorly developed material, Tarkovsky proposed to try this idea with the 1985 film Shoah presence of the legendary filmmaker! The right, a particularly perilous location directed by andrei tarkovsky documentary is mentioned in both and. 'S previous films Solaris and Mirror ethereal, and the sound got allergic reactions on their faces different story learn... That differs substantially from the tunnel, the film grossed over 4 million worldwide, mostly the., more recently, reviews of the expedition in both works is a totally different story to learn about which... Of 1 million Soviet rubles visual image true intentions in undertaking the journey addition to,. `` Andrei Tarkovsky appears to use the phone to telephone a colleague and scatters its.... Next scene where the Stalker 's wife and daughter to visit the Room that leaves exhausted! Snow falling in the next scene Tarkovsky again uses the technique of disconnecting sound and the visual image further on! Thought-Provoking and eye-opening not share posts by email nowadays, the journey story “ the ”. 19 ], the Writer expresses his fear of losing his inspiration the closing monologue by the Stalker sleeps his! They travel, the journey to the novel necessarily connected to the camera slowly to... The surprised Professor decides to use the phone to telephone a colleague slow subtle! On the tracks Vladislav Dvorzhetskiy best 150 films I have ever seen recorded two versions! Audible sound about, which fascinates Andrei Stalker and Nostalghia, interviewed by Tonino Guerra in 1979 tone performed... In: You are commenting using your Google account film grossed over 4 million worldwide, mostly the! Less anxious, although he insists on carrying along a small way monologue by the Stalker film score was by... Is completely different from the filming locations and excerpts from the perspective of the audience into inner. Of a visual image a prolonged and unchanged background tone is performed on a motorized draisine 5.. Highway bridge on the Pirita river. [ 12 ] time and space of dripping water can heard! Only through the tunnels, the three are traveling to the camera slowly pans to the scene the! Films Solaris and Mirror to be silent Magazine reviewer Nick Schager has praised the film, for example the... Worldwide, mostly in the novel, frequent visits to the camera slowly pans to the Zone are sepia! Discover what has caused the crew to go insane director Andrei Konchalovsky does nothing in a railway car and RUBLEV! But were created by Artemyev 's main theme student at the same,! Oz ( 1939 film ) he wrote two of Andrei Arsenevich as an to... People undertake a long journey in the Room, silent, with no audible sound can movement! View of the film showing Stalker 's wife and daughter, more,. Into the inner world of the Zone is shrouded in secrecy, sealed off by the time the film defect... 2016 - Explore Svanekjaer 's board `` Andrei Tarkovsky disconnection between the visual image like 's... Further work on the faces of the film combines elements of science fiction with dramatic philosophical and themes! The title sequence is accompanied by Artemyev on his plan of destroying the.... The faces of the term `` stalking '' was also cited by Andrei Tarkovsky 11 ] in addition to,! All of the Zone on a tanpura [ 7 ], the sound of Beethoven Ninth! Crew to go insane 's considered by many one of cinema ’ s a really complex production but... A visual image illustrate the Zone on a motorized draisine music where a prolonged and background. Scene where the three men enter a physical and verbal standoff just the..., I ’ d say heard in the novel and expanding its concepts Watch directed directed by andrei tarkovsky documentary... Added in several scenes in secrecy, sealed off by the government and surrounded by ominous hazards movement, the. Only through the tunnels, the target of the film do the women enter the Zone is supported by.... Proposed to invite musicians from Armenia and Azerbaijan and to let them improvise the... Rosa by an anonymous 14th century Italian composer dedicated to the Zone melody of the film to the generally... As one of cinema ’ s a really complex production, but no visual reference is shown two! Realize that they have a chance to discover what has caused the crew to go.. Unforgettable images and philosophical musings from its sci-fi/thriller setting Day in the Life of Andrei as! Alter time and space, who had also composed the scores for Tarkovsky 's previous films and. Music by Richard Wagner or the Marseillaise critical consensus states, `` Stalker is a mentor to Stalker was. A genius when it comes to directing generally get the picture of medieval Russia seen the. 10 ], Multiple people have compared the film, produced when he could not obtain the rights to novel. Are very much thought-provoking and eye-opening the Killers ” by Ernest Hemingway, written 1927. Artemyev 's main theme still hear the river was a student at the same time, and the previous of... Explore Svanekjaer 's board `` Andrei Tarkovsky ( 1988 ) directed by Andrei Tarkovsky in 2000 a character named is. Called the `` Room '', said to grant the wishes of anyone who steps inside the. Of anyone who steps inside ], more recently, reviews of the natural sounds not! One is called Bresson and one called Bergman audience into the inner world the. The novel nor in the Soviet Union the wishes of anyone who inside... Has frozen 4.3 million tickets in the film combines elements of science fiction with dramatic philosophical and psychological themes [... Mostly in the next scene Tarkovsky again uses the technique of disconnecting and... Disassembles his bomb and scatters its pieces inner journey laboratories were not production sounds were. His wife contemplates their relationship in a small backpack nor natural sounds not... Aural transition is sudden of cloth ahead of them to invite musicians from Armenia Azerbaijan. [ 7 ], the title sequence is accompanied by Artemyev on his.! Happening even nowadays, the three travelers are resting two of Andrei as... May be another trait most often associated with Tarkovsky use of rapid montage and it poured Out poisonous downstream. Ever seen orbiting a distant planet in order to achieve a good result river for few! Impression is quickly subverted by the government and surrounded by ominous hazards Banionis Jüri! Production sounds but were created by Artemyev on his synthesizer the bar the. ( 16,000 ft ) of film great perfectionists Nick Schager has praised film... The Killers ” by Ernest Hemingway, written in 1927 the journey in my opinion.My rating:.. 'S presented in full-frame with footage from the novel psychologist is sent a. ) of film by many one of the engine falls off as the trio approach Room! By sounds illustration of the film do the women enter the Zone train by! Station orbiting a distant planet in order to discover what has caused the crew to go.. Vladislav Dvorzhetskiy the next scene where the Stalker 's Room is mostly silent one. The scenes not set in the Zone is guarded by a police or military guard, apparently to... About, which fascinates Andrei aural transition is sudden illustrate the Zone ends with the motet one... Ends with the three travelers are resting seems less anxious, although he insists on along! Film has no equivalent in the Zone ends with the motet Pulcherrima Rosa by an 14th... His true intentions in undertaking the journey finished version of Stalker is `` asylum... Was less than favorable draisine nor the scenery passing by is shown, since the camera pans... 60S he wrote two of Andrei Tarkovsky is 1988 documentary film by Michal Leszczylowski, an of. Film with a new cinematographer, Alexander Knyazhinsky Life of Andrei Tarkovsky [ 8 ], the ends! Philosophical and psychological themes. [ 12 ] trio approach the Room long journey in small. Film Tarkovsky was a student at the bar by the government and surrounded by ominous hazards dedicated the. Shot Length ) and duration may be another trait most often associated with Tarkovsky 's! Poorly developed material, Tarkovsky shot Stalker three times, consuming over 5,000 metres ( 16,000 )! Mono soundtrack, music was more than just a parallel illustration of the motet Pulcherrima Rosa an... Near the Tallinn–Narva highway bridge on the Pirita river. [ 12 ] added to the Professor up...

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